Reading, Writing, Waiting

Finally, the following strategies will enhance ELL students’ abilities to participate in classroom discussions and to express their ideas in writing assignments.

Give Time to Prepare

Give students time to read silently before asking them to discuss their ideas with a small or large group. It is also recommended to provide time for students to write their ideas on paper before they share them publicly. This will give students time to sort through their ideas before they are asked to perform in front of teachers and peers.

Write and Speak Directions

Post task directions on the board or a display while simultaneously reading the directions and having students follow along. This affords ELL students the opportunity to read the English text silently while they hear it spoken correctly.

Encourage Writing in English

Post task directions on the board or a display while simultaneously reading the directions and having students follow along. This affords ELL students the opportunity to read the English text silently while they hear it spoken correctly.

Allow Extra Wait Time

Use extra wait time so ELL students will have an opportunity to hear the question, translate the work, understand its content, formulate a response, and then speak.