# Using Talk Moves

Use talk moves to facilitate classroom discussions. Here are the talk moves described in the work by Chapin, O’Connor, and Anderson, 2003[1] .

**Prompt**Teachers prompt students to answer a question.**Wait Time**Teachers provide adequate time for students to respond to a question.**Revoice**Teachers repeat a student’s answer to emphasize and clarify what the student said.**Restate**Teachers ask a student to restate what another student has said to ensure that students listen closely to each other.**Apply Reasoning**Teachers ask students to evaluate, critique, and use each other’s responses and strategies.

A professional development resource for facilitating effective and mathematically productive classroom discussions is the

*Mathematics Discourse in Secondary Classrooms*(MDISC) project (Herbel-Eisenman, Steele, and Cirillo, 2013) [2]

### References

[1]Chapin, S., O’Connor, C., & Anderson, N. (2013). Classroom Discussions In Math: A Teacher's Guide for Using Talk Moves to Support the Common Core and More, Grades K-6: A Multimedia Professional Learning Resource (third edition). Sausalito, CA: Math Solutions Publications.

[2] Herbel-Eisenmann, B., Steele, M., & Cirillo, M. (2013). (Developing) teacher discourse moves: A framework for professional development.

*Mathematics Teacher Educator, 1*(2), 181-196.